Last time, I promised to talk about the effects promoting the use of compression garments in sports. But before that, I think it is necessary to present you our laboratory and our work in the R & D department at COMPRESSPORT® International.
More than 200 m2 of laboratory
I conducted the research with my team from the ‘Exercise Performance Health Innovation’ platform which depends on the University of Franche-Comté (Besançon, France). An agreement that allows us to have access to a 200 m² state-of-the-art Research Laboratory, equipped with all the latest innovations to test our products. It is possible to measure blood flow, muscle oxygenation, muscular vibrations or temperature variations, and much more. In addition, the lab is equipped with many ergometers such as this famous treadmill, 2 m wide and 3 m long, up to 40 km/h and ranging from -8 % to +25% slope.
Interaction between the Lab – the Development Departments and the tester groups
We interact a lot with our Development Departments and more particularly with the one in Wald (Switzerland). Our products are firstly developed by the design team. The first samples are then tested and according to the results, the second samples are established. This process is repeated until final product. Locally, we have a tester group which experiments all the products before they are commercialized. We find other amateur or professional testers everywhere in the world. This repartition allows us to adapt not only the compression of every individual but also to the weather conditions. Our victories in the Everest Trail Race or in the Hawaii Ironman World Championship attest to this.
In only 3 years: it is more than 10 publications in scientific journals and as many communications in congresses
With my team, I conducted the internal research but the one destined to be published in scientific journals are independently directed by the academics (from Besançon and elsewhere: each month we receive various propositions of independent research that we adapt according to the philosophy of the brand). This approach certifies the validity of data. Our actual issues concern the effects of the compression on the muscular vibrations in running. We are the first to work in this direction and for example we have shown a decrease of the vibrations higher than 30 % with the COMPRESSPORT® Calf Sleeves R2. We are also working on the prevention of the risk of injury when compression garments are worn during the effort. The results will be presented in 2014, at the International Olympic Committee World Conference on ‘Prevention of Injury & Illness in Sport’. The first results indicate that the use of COMPRESSPORT® products decreases this risk by around 28%.
About the Author
Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International.
You can contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org
Testimonial of the director of the ‘EPHI’ platform
In this issue, we will not interview a professional athlete and also the director of the ‘EPHI’ platform: Pr. Nicolas Tordi. He is a French former high level gymnast and is now an international judge in gymnastic.
1. How would you describe your relation with COMPRESSPORT®?
First my relation with COMPRESSPORT® was based on curiosity. I was very interested to discover and to try the products proposed by the company. Since I am a casual runner I tried their products. Then after few trials I was interested to understand the efficiency of these products. My interest responded to the scientific curiosity of the head manager of the company. He was interested to promote scientific research on his products. Therefore we share the same goal.
2. Have you ever studied the elastic compression technology?
On the EPHI platform, several researchers are involved in scientific projects focused on the effect of the external conditions on the cardiovascular responses, more precisely hemodynamic responses during or after exercise. Consequently we have developed many projects in order to evaluate the mechanisms underlying the effects of the compression following different kinds of exercise.
3. In your opinion, what are the elastic compression benefits?
Since a long time ago, compression garments are known to influence the vascular hemodynamic parameters at rest. Based on our knowledge, we developed protocols to evaluate the benefits of the compression garments on the hemodynamic responses following different kinds of exercise. Our results had confirmed that compression garments modified the hemodynamic responses following exercise, influencing the recovery processes. Another type of benefit may be attributed to these garments when the athletes wear it during exercise. Because compression may decrease the muscular vibrations during exercise such as running, the negative effects of these vibrations repeat at each step and increased by fatigue may be reduced.
4. You are a former great gymnast. Can you tell us why elastic compression could be an essential support for high level gymnasts (regarding the specificities of this sport: repeated intense effort and short recovery time)?
The gymnastic routines are more and more strenuous. At the beginning this activity was more artistic than physiologic. If the artistic components of the routine are always present, the evolution of this discipline was based, first on the acrobatics and now on the ability to resist to the fatigue. Therefore the gymnasts must be able to maintain a high artistic level with high level of acrobatics throughout of the routine. For the best gymnasts the routine lasts between 50 and 70 seconds. Consequently, compression garments could be interesting tools to help the gymnast to recover especially during the competitions.