Category Archives: Scientific


The term antioxidant refers to the “activity” that many vitamins, minerals and other phytochemicals have on substances considered harmful, called FREE RADICALS. The free radicals can react chemically with other components of the cells (by oxidizing) altering their stability and functionality.

When we are running, cycling, working or fighting…we are producing oxidation reactions and free radicals to all our body! We are “KILLING” some cells! Therefore, we need to include ANTIOXIDANT in our meals to neutralize the free radicals.

Yes, oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. Consequently, these radicals can start chain reactions. When the chain reaction occurs in a cell, it can cause damage or death to the cell. Antioxidants end these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions.

Then, be careful! Dark and intensely-colored plant foods usually contain MORE chemically active antioxidant pigments than pale ones. Some of the most healthy nutrients in fruits and vegetables are bright red, orange and green.


The 2014 Tour de France – Preparation, recovery, we tell you all!

COMPRESSPORT® is proud to be the compression partner of 3 cycling teams on the 2014 Tour de France : Tinkoff Saxo, Trek and IAM Cycling. That is why we asked experts to disclose the key to success: Preparation, recovery, we tell you all!

Presentation of the 2014 Tour de France… 

The Tour de France is the most prestigious cycling competition of the world and the 3rd sports event after the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup. The competition lasts 3 weeks and includes 21 stages with different profiles. In 2014, the Tour starts from Leeds (UK) on July 5 and includes many highlights: 8 mountain stages in the Vosges, Alps and Pyrenees, 1 stage on the cobbles of Paris – Roubaix and 1 time trial with 54 km the day prior the arrival on the Champs Elysees. 198 cyclists distributed into 22 teams take part in the race and the winner will be that who realized the 3664 km as quickly as possible.

A specific preparation for each profile of cyclist

The Tour de France allows each cyclist to successful, sprinter, puncher, rouleur or climber. Consequently, each team will choose 9 cyclists able to respond to the fixed objectives. The preparation will depend on these objectives and will be specific according to the selected riders’ profile. A team focusing of the overall ranking will concentrate her preparation on the aerobic power (VO2max and anaerobic threshold). Training session in altitude with volume and intensity and time trial work will be realized! The choice of teammates will be determinant because they must be able to escort the leader in mountain but also in many other situations: cobbles, wind, falls… Conversely, for the team focusing on the final sprints, the emphasis will be placed on the anaerobic work maximal strength and lactic anaerobic power) without neglecting the volume. The collective tactic to place the sprinter in the best conditions on the last 200 meters will be also worked.

The recovery, key-parameter of the performance!


The recovery is essential to successful on the Tour de France since the cyclists must be able to perform each day during 3 weeks. To optimize it, some routines are used by the teams. The active recovery (around 10 min on home-trainer) is used immediately after the stage to eliminate the toxins and help body to return to the normal state.

In terms of recovery methods, the compression Is widely wide spreading cycling: the Tinkoff-Saxo of Contador, IAM Cycling of Chavanel or Trek Factory Racing of Schleck brothers use COMPRESSPORT®. The Full Socks are mainly used during the travels and the Full Legs appear to be the indispensable tool to recover during the Tour de France. They will be used during all the duration between the end of a stage and the night!

Then, the cyclists have to favor the restoration of the energy reserves with a specific alimentation into the hour following the end of the effort. The re-hydration is also primordial especially the days of intense heat. Drink sufficiently and regularly to compensate the water losses!

Other methods as the massages for the well-being or the cryotherapy to reduce the inflammatory process will be applied by the team… Finally, the sleep being the best means to recover, the cyclists can use pillows and overlay mattress to improve it. 

About the Author


Julien Pinot comes from Besançon. He is the trainer – researcher for the professional cycling team. You can contact him at



A lot of pro athletes are using compression, but even if you are a beginner, compression will bring you the same benefits as pro athletes. During the effort, limiting vibrations, compression will reduce muscle damage, delay muscle fatigue, improve prolonged performances and prevent delayed muscle soreness). Moreover, wearing compression during recovery will increase the oxygen supply, eliminating toxins faster and preventing swelling). Everyone, either pro athletes or competitors needs the very best to reach the top.


Inspired by medical contention and adapted to sports, sport compression is way more more elastic and designed to maintain optimal and gradual compression levels onto working muscles. Thus, wearing elastic compression will ensure a light and fresh legs feeling while offering a great freedom of movement.


In the absence of medical contraindications, everyone can use compression.


At COMPRESSPORT®, we exclusively work with seamless processes for many reasons :

Seamless Technology allows specific compression to be engineered into the garment without the use of uncomfortable seams.
Thus, seamless technology allows the ultimate in compression, comfort, fit and performance.
Seamless means no fraying and no fraying means consistent quality of compression and longer life span. Only seamless compression products benefit from a 2 years warranty


All Compressport products are made with light and breathable fibers for better thermoregulation. We’ve reached this maximum potential with the revolutionary and patented fibre used in the brand new PRO R2 SWISS, which is, thanks to its bio-ceramic crystals, able to reflect indefinitely these distant infrared signals. This “mirror effect” activates the microcirculation on the surface of the skin (+92%) and leads to a secondary benefit : Better thermoregulation (+51%*).

* Independent results measured by the KosmoSCIENCE Institute laboratory.


Two recent meta-analysis* (based on 40 scientific studies on compression) related to sport compression have shown that using compression garments induces athletes’ better performances and recovery whatever the sport practiced… If some minor studies actually do not relate any positive effects, it seems that the use of unsuitable type of compression (too strong or weak compression, for example) jeopardize these conclusions.

* Born DP, Sperlich B, Holmberg HC. Bringing light into the dark: effects of compression clothing on performance and recovery. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2013;8:4-18
* Hill J, Howatson G, van Someren K, Leeder J, Pedlar C. Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, 2014;48:1340-1346


Increasing the venous return, reducing the vibrations (-33%), reducing the risk of injuries (-29%), enhancing the recovery and the muscle oxygenation (+15-20%), compression garments can be used for every disciplines. From Trail Running, to Triathlon, through Cycling or Swimming, from Football to Rugby or Basketball, every sportsman needs garments he can trust to help him increase its performances and thus to protect himself.


In order to allow any athlete or sportsman to optimize its performances in any occasion, COMPRESSPORT has developed a wide range of products to meet every specific need. Before, during or after the effort, your body needs different types of stimuli. Feeling of lightness before, reducing vibrations and thus delaying fatigue and risk of injuries during, recover faster after : each product, however versatile, is designed to suit more one or the other need, this in order to reach maximal efficiency.


A scientific study carried out on more than 1200 sportsmen and presented to the last International Olympic Committee (Monaco 2014)* has shown a significant reduction in risk of injuries (29%) if the sportsman always and rigorously use compression during its trainings and competitions.
*Ménétrier A (2014). The use of elastic compression to decrease the risk of injuries.Br J Sports Med 48:638


Compression is for sure COMPRESSPORT®’s core business. This technical environment, very performance-oriented and aiming at accompany the athletes before, during and after the effort have allowed COMPRESSPORT® to develop other specific technologies such as the Postural, the Ultra-Light or Extreme Comfort. These ultra-efficient products are designed to support you during your craziest runs and races as well as during your more demanding trainings.

Wearing compression during efforts – to decrease the risk of injuries!

Last time, we have seen that wearing compression during efforts is mainly based on the reduction of the vibrations. Another aspect play a vital role: the compression may decrease the risk of injuries!

Anecdotal reports reinforced with a scientific study

Many reports indicated that the compression could decrease the risk of injuries: 40 % of the sportsmen say they use it in this context. Therefore, we did a study – with the collaboration of the University of Franche-Comté (Besançon, France) – on 1200 sportsmen from all backgrounds to determine whether the compression really decreases this risk. 

29 % of injuries during efforts with the COMPRESSPORT® compression !

MN 6_Graph

Reduction (%) of the risk of injuries when the Compressport® compression or any brands compression is always, often or sometimes worn during the effort compared with never.

The results were presented at the International Olympic Committee World Conference (Monaco, April 10-12 2014) focusing on the ‘Prevention of Injury & Illness in Sport’[1].Please find more details on the study here. In summary, the main result is that the risk of injuries (shin splints, tendonitis and muscular injuries) is significantly reduced when compression garments are used during the effort (-29 % when the COMPRESSPORT® compression is always applied). It is interesting to note that this risk was more reduced with the Compressport compression compared with any brands.

[…] mainly explained by the reduction of the vibrations….

The fact that wearing compression during efforts decreases the risk of injuries may be explained by several reasons. First of all, decreasing muscular vibrations, compression garments guarantee a better maintain of your muscles and for example ensure less stress on the tendons! The reduction of the risk of injuries with compression garments may also be due to their hemodynamic effects (decreasing inflammation), neuronal effects (increasing proprioception) or thermal effects (increasing muscle temperature and warm-up)[2].


  1. Ménétrier A. The use of elastic compression to decrease the risk of injuries.International Olympic Comitee World Conference, Monaco April 10-12 2014.
  2. Born DP, Sperlich B, and Holmberg HC. Bringing light into the dark: effects of compression clothing on performance and recovery. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 8: 4-18, 2013.

About the Author


Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International. You can contact him at

Questions-Answers with Arnaud, the COMPRESSPORT® Scientific Manager

In this edition of the Scientific Approach, we decided to let the community talk. COMPRESSPORT® thought that questions coming from social media users and especially people interested in the subject of “injuries” may be relevant. So, the COMPRESSPORT® Scientific Manager Arnaud, answered to your interrogations regarding the effectiveness of COMPRESSPORT® products to fight against injuries.

1.  I run twice a week and sometimes I feel a muscle pain in the calf, as if it was the beginning of a stretch. Can you tell me if wearing compression during the effort may be useful?

It is clear that the solution to help your calf may lie in using compression! In your case, wearing the COMPRESSPORT® R2 or Full Socks may act like the supportive action of taping: better maintain and therefore less stretch!

2. I don’t wear compression during the effort because I don’t like the feeling on my legs. But I would like to try compression during the recovery time. Does wearing compression only during the recovery will decrease the risk of injury?

Wearing compression during the recovery time decreases the fatigue, the pains and therefore the risk of injuries. You will restart your trainings less stressed! I advise you to try one or two sizes above normal during the effort … Your feeling will be better and you will be more secured.

3.  Which Compressport® products is the best one to prevent injuries during the effort?

Our effort compression is designed to decrease the muscle vibrations. Decreasing more these vibrations, COMPRESSPORT® guarantees a better maintain of your muscles and for example less stress on the tendons!

4. I’m injured since 2 weeks; I had to stop Ironman Lanzarote after a hamstring at the right thigh.  So my question is: should I use compression when I will restart my trainings to support my muscle and what will be the effect on them?

Fore sure! The effects of the compression will be even more significant! Using the COMPRESSPORT® ForQuad or Triathlon Shorts, your thigh will be more secured: less vibration, higher maintain and therefore less risk of relapse!

5. Why COMPRESSPORT® compression is better than any other compression brands?

First of all, decreasing more the vibrations (optimized level of compression and seamless technology) … But also focusing on the comfort (lights and elastic fibers, temperature control, etc.)! Using COMPRESSPORT®, you forget that you are using a compression!

Wearing compression in preparation of effort – Ready to perform!

As promised last time, we are focusing on the effects of the compression in sports and more particularly in preparation of effort. In this context, the use of compression garments (socks and stockings) is based on the improvement of the venous return. Explanations …

The improvement of the venous return with compression garments

In standing position, gravity causes the accumulation of blood in the legs. To allow the return of blood from the lower extremities to the heart, the veins are used and several mechanisms are involved. At the foot, a small quantity of blood is pushed at each step to the calf. Then the calf muscles act like a pump. When the muscles relax the veins are filled with blood and during the contraction the blood is pushed towards the heart. Finally, one-way valves prevent the blood to go down.In case of failure or in absence of calf contraction, the blood will stagnate in the legs causing swelling with associated pain and discomfort. It is there that the compression may act …Indeed, the pressure applied by the compression on the legs decreases the veins diameter – like a pressure applied on a tube of toothpaste. In consequence, the venous return is improved and the swelling is reduced.

A feeling of light and fresh legs before starting exercises!

Frederik Van Lierde – Hawaii

Often, achieving a major competition is far away from home. Preparations, travel or cultural visits before race cause the sportsman to stomp or extend passive position. All these activities will lead to leg swelling and associated pain which characterizes “heavy legs” syndrome. Who never felt a sensation of heavy legs before running? Decreasing or preventing swelling of the lower limbs (from 50 to 100 %), wearing elastic compression in preparation for exercise, may ensure for the athletes a feeling of light legs … Ready to perform! From a sensory point of view, the pain and discomfort are reduced by wearing compression garments, especially in plane or in train or by exposure to heat.

Recommended products

To improve the venous return, it is necessary to apply a higher pressure at the ankle: we press at the bottom of the tube of toothpaste … The compression around the foot is also crucial. The COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks include all these parameters and appear like the ideal socks in preparation of effort. The COMPRESSPORT®t Smart Socks apply a lower pressure: somewhat less effective but more comfortable for prolonged duration (in travel by plane or train: it is the best solution!). Finally, the COMPRESSPORT® R2 can be used in active conditions (walking or seated for short periods).

Main advantages of compression
Recommended products

1. ? venous return and  lymphatic drainage

2. ? swelling of the legs (from -50 to -100 %)

3. ? associated pain and discomfort

4. Feeling of light and fresh legs

Passive preparation (plane, train, car)


Active preparation (walking, seated for short periods)

Chaussettes et tights


  1. Horner J, Fernandes J, Fernandes E, and Nicolaides AN. Value of graduated compression stockings in deep venous insufficiency. British Medical Journal 280: 820-821, 1980.
  2. Partsch H, Winiger J, and Lun B. Compression stockings reduce occupational leg swelling. Dermatology Surgery 30: 737-743, 2004.

About the Author


Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International. You can contact him at

Testimony of Fernanda Maciel

1. Firstly, congratulations for your excellent 2nd place at the Transgrancanaria 2014! During this race, you were wearing COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks V2. Why did you chose to wear them instead of classic COMPRESSPORT® R2 Race and Recovery?

Because I twisted my ankle last year and during my long Ultras I’ve been doing a sort of “boot” with tape (esparadrapo) to make sure that I can keep my ankle stable. In this case, long and very technical race, I prefer to use the FSV2 because get in and fit better with the tape/boot than the R2. If I’m not making this “tape” for my ankle, I still prefer to use the R2. Both are amazing products of compression and help me a lot to run and not to have problems with my calves and tibial muscle and tendons.

2. We know that you almost always wear compression garments during the effort but do you use them in other circumstances ? (Before the effort, after the effort, during plane trip…)

Yes, I’ve used them almost all time. The best way that work for me is: R2 or Full socks V2 plus the Trail Running Short during my trainings, after the training I use the Underwear or the Full Leg to recover well and to make sure that I get fresh legs for my next trainings day. Sometimes I also sleep with the Underwear and the Full Socks V2.

3. Could you give some advices to our readers on how to wear compression garments before the race start?

COMPRESSPORT® gives us many options of products to keep our muscle and tendons saved and rested before a race. The best option that I like to use before a race can be: Full Leg and a Pro Racing Bike or Run V2 socks. Then you know that you can be walking around or just sit down on the sofa reading a book to be ready for the next day.

Cheers, Fernanda.

How to recover faster and relieve pain after prolonged, unusual or exhausting efforts?

We all need to improve our recovery to relieve pain after a hard sporting weekend! Let’s explain now how COMPRESSPORT® can help you in this Monthly News – Scientific approach article focused on exercises inducing muscle damages.

Unusual hard or prolonged efforts cause muscle damages !

Unusual prolonged or exhausting efforts will often result in muscle damages usually followed by a slow and painful recovery. Why? Because eccentric muscle contractions and the important oxygen consumption will increase muscle damages. Furthermore, the full healing of muscle damages requires inflammatory processes and edema which will induce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) (with a peak after 48 hrs). The DOMS may be extremely uncomfortable and last up to 7 days : walking normally becomes difficult and go down the stairs is almost impossible! The fatigue is installed and you have to wait some days before to restart your sports activities.


Help your body improve your recovery and comfort with COMPRESSPORT® Technology !

Pressing on the veins, the COMPRESSPORT® technology used during  your recovery activates the venous return (from +15 % to +25 %) and therefore prevents the inflammation and edema (until -100 %) [1, 2]. Consequently, the extent of muscle damage is reduced and the DOMS are limited (until -50 %) [2,3]. Moreover, the muscular performances which are reduced after prolonged, unusual or exhausting efforts are restored faster ! [2, 3].

MN 11-Graph

Figure 1 [2]. Perceived DOMS and squat jump height (index of muscular performances) relative to baseline (pre) following exercise-induced muscle damage.
: Values recorded when compression tights (ankle to hip) are worn during the recovery.
: Values recorded for passive recovery. Asterisks represent significant different between groups. 1, 24, 48, 72 and 96 indicates hours after the exercise.

Limit your DOMS with COMPRESSPORT® Compression Sleeves and Socks !

To prevent the inflammation, edema and limit the DOMS you have to compress your tired muscles. We suggest you to use the COMPRESSPORT® Full Legs or the combo R2 and ForQuad during the 1 or 2 h which follow a prolonged, unusual or exhausting effort. For longer periods or when you are strictly passive (travel in plane, bus, train or car for example), you may also use the COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks V2. Why do I need to use different products for active and passive recovery? Because you need to have a compression around the foot during your passive recovery to prevent the blood stagnation. Finally, the COMPRESSPORT® Armsleeves will help you for efforts involving the arms.


  1. Ménétrier A, Mourot L, Degano B et al. Effects of Three Post-exercise Recovery Treatments on Femoral Artery Blood Flow Kinetics. J Sports M Phys Fitness (in press)
  2. Jakeman J.R, Byrne C, Eston R.G. Lower limb compression garments improves recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in young active females. Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 109: 1137-1144.
  3. Ménétrier A, Terrillon A, Caverot M, et al. Effects of elastic compression during and after the Trail des Forts of Besançon. Kinesither Rev 2014; 14: 35-41.

About The Author


Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for Compressport International. You can contact him at

How can compression garments help you improve your sudden movements’ abilities!

Playing team sports or practicing fight sports or other explosive efforts (jump, sprints…), compression garments can help you especially improving postural stability and coordination! (Explosivity is a term frequently used to show the ability of an athlete to make a variety of sudden movements). Research data related to running using compression garments (CGs) has demonstrated reductions in muscular vibrations, damage and fatigue and improvements in prolonged performance and injuries prevention. Recently Michael et al. [1] found improved postural stability while athletes wore CGs… Focus on this amazing results!

A double blind, randomized cross over study to investigate the effect of compression garments on the balance ability of elite athletes

12 participants volunteered to participate in this study. They were required to perform a single leg balance trial across two conditions; including eyes-closed while wearing conventional shorts (control) or CGs (from ankle to waist). Each trial began once the participant was in a ‘ready’ position and gave a verbal cue to indicate he felt comfortable in a quiet stance balancing on their dominant leg. Postural stability was assessed by measuring the overall stabilization time as well as the movement of the center of mass from baseline measures using a camera motion analysis system.


Figure 1. Anatomical landmark locations used in the biomechanical analysis of the participants in this study 

Significantly greater postural stability was observed with the compression!

Figure 2_MN_9

Figure 2. Total stabilization time (sec) and range of the center of mass (mm) in the antero-posterior and medio-lateral directions for short MN 9_Short and compression MN 9_Compression condition. Range was calculated as the maximum distance between any two points on the time series path.

During one leg stance, a significantly greater balance time was observed with eyes closed when wearing CGs compared to conventional shorts. The study also revealed a lower variability of movement with CGS. These results indicate that control of posture may benefit from the use of CGs. Indeed, they are thought to produce increased cutaneous and muscular stimulation allowing for improved proprioceptive feedback and joint positional awareness.

Improving postural stability, compression garments may be beneficial for athletic sports involving jumps, sprints…

Enhanced equilibrium may be beneficial for athletic sports involving jumps, sprints and direction changes – including team sports, fight sports and other explosive efforts. For example it has been demonstrated that enhanced repetitive jump performance [2, 3] and an increased vertical jump height [4] resulted with use of CGs. In addition to those mentioned above, possible mechanisms may include enhanced coordination function and facilitated muscle contraction [2, 3, 4].


  1. Michael JS et al. What is the effect of compression garments on a balance task in female athletes? Gait Posture. 2014; 39: 804-809.
  2. Kraemer WJ et al. Influence of compression garments on vertical jump performance in NCAA division I volleyball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1996; 10: 180–183.
  3. Kraemer WJ et al. Influence of a compressive garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue. Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation. 1998; 8: 163–184.
  4. Doan BK et al. Evaluation of a lower-body compression garment. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2003; 21: 601–610.

About the Author


Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for Compressport International.  You can contact him at

Scientific answers to the 10 most common questions related to sport compression


1. Will compression garments reduce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)?

During the effort the compression sleeves keep your muscle compact and solid. This limits the vibration (-33 %) caused by the impact of the foot leading to less lateral or vertical movement of your muscle and therefore less traction on tendon and muscle itself. Less shock during the effort means less muscle damage and consequently less DOMS during the recovery (-50 %).

2. Is it true that compression garments can reduce the pain associated with intense exercise?

It is also recommended to wear your compression socks for a while longer after exercise, allowing your legs to benefit and recuperate optimally. Indeed muscles are considerably damaged from intense exercise and you continue to feel pain. Using the Compressport Full Socks or Full Legs you will save your legs from pain associated with intense exercise. They will provide you a great muscle support and you will feel lighter and mobile. Ready to play again.

3. Will compression garments enhance endurance performance?

The repetition of shocks during endurance exercise such as Trail Running or Marathon causes muscle damage and fatigue. Compression garments will help you by limiting vibration and absorbing the shocks (-33 %)! The fatigue will be delayed, the pain and micro-injuries will be reduced and you will be able to perform longer with a better global comfort.Thus you will be more resistant on the last kilometers of an endurance race when your competitors will slow down…

4. Can Compression Clothing Enhance Your Workout?

If you wear compression garments, you will feel the performance sensation at first glance. Compressport garments will help you during each training session to recover faster, to reduce pain (-50 %) and the risk of injuries (-29 %). Thus, day by day, your workouts will be improved as you will be ready perform again faster!

5. Can Compression Clothing Make Me a Better Athlete?

Using compression clothing can make the difference with your competitors. Increasing your proprioceptive feedback and facilitating muscle contraction you will be able to jump higher and sprint faster. Compression clothing will also delay the fatigue felt by absorbing shocks and reducing muscle damage (-33 %). Thus you will be more resistant on the last kilometers of an endurance race. Keeping your muscle compact and solid compression also ensures less traction on tendon and muscle itself. This preserves you from many injuries such as tendonitis, shin split or muscular injuries (-29 %). Finally, improving the muscle oxygenation (+15 to +25 %) and accelerating the elimination of blood lactate (elimination is faster from 13 % after only 10 min), your body will recover faster.


6. Can compression garments facilitate recovery in the hours following intense exercise and reduce blood lactate concentrations?

Muscle structures are considerably damaged from intense exercise. This affects blood circulation negatively: oxygen supply is hampered and drainage of lactic acid and other toxin stands still… Their concentration remains high in the muscle and may impair recovery and subsequent performances. That is why, you need to improve your blood flow circulation. Pressing on your veins compression socks activate your venous return (+20 % in few seconds) – like a pressure applied on the bottom of a tube of toothpaste causing the paste to rise outside the tube. This guarantees more oxygen for your muscle (+15 to +25 %), faster elimination of lactic acid and consequently better recovery (elimination of lactate is faster from 13 % after only 10 min). Ready to play again optimally!

7. Is wearing compression garments as effective as other recovery techniques?

As many other techniques using compression during recovery is based on blood circulation activation. This guarantees more oxygen for your muscles (+15 to +25 %), faster elimination of lactic acid (-13 %) and therefore better recovery. But for sure compression presents other advantages that other do not have… 1/ it is more practical to use: it does not require bath or physiotherapist! 2/ you can use for a long time after exercise allowing your legs to benefit and recuperate optimally. 3/ you can mix with other: after water immersion, massage or electro stimulation.

8. Compression garments enhance proprioception. What does it mean?

Compression improves your proprioceptive feedback! This provides a better balance which may help you in all sporting movements especially sprint and jump performances. Not convinced? Do your own experience. Close your eyes and extend one leg… Imagine your feet!? Visualized them!? Try to exactly situate them!? Difficult? Normal they are far from your brain. Now ask a friend to press on your feet. In one second it is easier to situate them… Right? Incredible! How does it work? Pressing on your feet, your friend activates some cutaneous and muscular receptors. The message goes up to the brain and you are able to feel better feedback! It is the same principle for Compressport garments designed to stimulate each proprioceptive receptors.

9.  Do compression garments enhance explosive power such as vertical jump?

Compression keeps your muscle compact and solid. This limits the vibration caused by the impact of the foot (-33 %) leading to less lateral or vertical movement of your muscle. Less muscle oscillation means better alignment of muscular fibre facilitating muscle contraction and consequently enhancement of explosive power such as vertical jump, sprint or direction changes.

10. Compression garments: Do they influence athletic performance and recovery?

Compression garments may positively influence any kind of athletic performance! Increasing your proprioceptive feedback and facilitating muscle contraction all disciplines involving jumps, sprints and direction changes will be improved. Absorbing shocks (-33 %) and reducing muscle damage fatigue during endurance effort will be delayed. Improving aerodynamics (economy of 5 Watts) cycling performance will be enhanced. Accelerating blood circulation muscle oxygenation will be improved (+15 to +25 %), blood lactate will be faster eliminated (-13 %) and therefore recovery will be improved. Finally you will also be less injured using compression (-29 %)!

Compression Compressport FAQ

Why should I wear COMPRESSPORT® R2 during my triathlon?

Wearing the COMPRESSPORT® R2 during the cycling part in IM triathlon – to improve aerodynamics and accelerate the recovery during the transition periods! Besides preventing injuries (see the JUNE COMPRESSPORT® Monthly News), wearing the COMPRESSPORT® R2 during the cycling part in IM triathlon is mainly based on aerodynamics and venous return improvement! Explanations…

COMPRESSPORT® R2 improves the venous return until ?160 W in cycling !

MN 08_Fig1

Figure 1. Tissue oxygen saturation (increased saturation corresponds to improved blood circulation) with and without COMPRESSPORT® R2.

The COMPRESSPORT® R2, pressing the veins, improves the venous blood return towards the heart and therefore the overall blood circulation – only when the calf muscles are relatively inactive (see Monthly News of April and May). That is the case completely at rest, trampling, walking but also until ?160 W in cycling (figure 1)! When the intensities progress, the calf muscles press sufficiently on the veins to optimize the venous return [1].


Practical applications: accelerated recovery during the transition periods!

Increasing the blood circulation until ?160 W: really during the transition periods (downhill for example), the COMPRESSPORT® R2 may be an effective strategy to alleviate symptoms associated with fatigue. Indeed, the R2 are useful to re-oxygenate fatigued muscles (+10 %) and eliminate more quickly the toxins (-10 %), therefore favoring the recovery and preventing the fatigue.

The R2 also improves aerodynamics!

The R2 is also designed (compression, fibre, seamless) to improve the aerodynamics. Wind tunnel tests (see picture: Aero Concept-Engineering) show a gain until 5 W at 4km/h.

This represents a substantial economy of 0.5 sec per km or 1 min 30 sec for the total distance of the IRONMAN cycling part!


1. Boucourt B, Bouhaddi M, Mourot L, Tordi N and Ménétrier A. Changes in tissue oxygen saturation with calf compression sleeves – before, during and after a cycling exercise. J Sports M Phys Fitness (in press).

 About the Author


Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International. You can contact him at

Compressport : Why & When ?


Listening to our athletes, we develop our products to respond rigorously to their expectations. Preparation, efort, recovery, well-being around performances: we seek to offer everyone the chance to go further, faster, and for longer.


  1. Boost your performances (especially endurance)
  2. Recover faster and better
  3. Delay fatigue
  4. More comfort and support during the effort
  5. Avoid muscle tear and injury
  6. Travel in the best conditions


COMPRESSPORT® products are born out of the collaboration of doctors, athletes and manufacturers specializing in medical and sports compression.

In order to allow sportsmen and women to optimise their performance on all occasions COMPRESSPORT® has developed a wide range of products responding to each specific need. Before, during or after the effort, your body reacts to different types of stimuli.



Quality of fibre, a battery of laboratory tests, comfort, design: it is the quality of professional performance which we make accessible for everyone.

Amateur or professional, beginner or experienced athlete, all those who have chosen COMPRESSPORT® have that idea: maximise and optimise performance.

For amateurs:

    • For those who are full of good intentions about getting back into shape but lack strength and training.
    • For the experienced, eager to push their personal boundaries without injuring themselves but who don’t have the time to recover. COMPRESSPORT® is all the more efficient for all those who are not as fit as the runners of the FDJ team or who don’t have Javier Gomez Noya endurance!

For professionals:

    • Those doing long sessions of high impact muscle working every day.
    • Those who have to win, where there’s no room for injury, cramps or aches.
    • Those with back-to-back training sessions with short recovery periods and lots of travelling.

Amateur or professional, whether your sport is a hobby or you are looking to be seriously supported for your next Ultra-Trail race in the Himalayas… Whoever you are, wherever you are, COMPRESSPORT® supports you.