Category Archives: Scientific

How can compression garments help you improve your sudden movements’ abilities!

Playing team sports or practicing fight sports or other explosive efforts (jump, sprints…), compression garments can help you especially improving postural stability and coordination! (Explosivity is a term frequently used to show the ability of an athlete to make a variety of sudden movements). Research data related to running using compression garments (CGs) has demonstrated reductions in muscular vibrations, damage and fatigue and improvements in prolonged performance and injuries prevention. Recently Michael et al. [1] found improved postural stability while athletes wore CGs… Focus on this amazing results!

A double blind, randomized cross over study to investigate the effect of compression garments on the balance ability of elite athletes

12 participants volunteered to participate in this study. They were required to perform a single leg balance trial across two conditions; including eyes-closed while wearing conventional shorts (control) or CGs (from ankle to waist). Each trial began once the participant was in a ‘ready’ position and gave a verbal cue to indicate he felt comfortable in a quiet stance balancing on their dominant leg. Postural stability was assessed by measuring the overall stabilization time as well as the movement of the center of mass from baseline measures using a camera motion analysis system.

mn-09

Figure 1. Anatomical landmark locations used in the biomechanical analysis of the participants in this study 

Significantly greater postural stability was observed with the compression!

Figure 2_MN_9

Figure 2. Total stabilization time (sec) and range of the center of mass (mm) in the antero-posterior and medio-lateral directions for short MN 9_Short and compression MN 9_Compression condition. Range was calculated as the maximum distance between any two points on the time series path.

During one leg stance, a significantly greater balance time was observed with eyes closed when wearing CGs compared to conventional shorts. The study also revealed a lower variability of movement with CGS. These results indicate that control of posture may benefit from the use of CGs. Indeed, they are thought to produce increased cutaneous and muscular stimulation allowing for improved proprioceptive feedback and joint positional awareness.

Improving postural stability, compression garments may be beneficial for athletic sports involving jumps, sprints…

Enhanced equilibrium may be beneficial for athletic sports involving jumps, sprints and direction changes – including team sports, fight sports and other explosive efforts. For example it has been demonstrated that enhanced repetitive jump performance [2, 3] and an increased vertical jump height [4] resulted with use of CGs. In addition to those mentioned above, possible mechanisms may include enhanced coordination function and facilitated muscle contraction [2, 3, 4].

References

  1. Michael JS et al. What is the effect of compression garments on a balance task in female athletes? Gait Posture. 2014; 39: 804-809.
  2. Kraemer WJ et al. Influence of compression garments on vertical jump performance in NCAA division I volleyball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1996; 10: 180–183.
  3. Kraemer WJ et al. Influence of a compressive garment on repetitive power output production before and after different types of muscle fatigue. Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation. 1998; 8: 163–184.
  4. Doan BK et al. Evaluation of a lower-body compression garment. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2003; 21: 601–610.

About the Author

dr-arnaud-1_new

Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for Compressport International.  You can contact him at  arnaud@compressport.com

Compressport : Why & When ?

A PRODUCT FOR EACH NEED BEFORE – DURING – AFTER 

Listening to our athletes, we develop our products to respond rigorously to their expectations. Preparation, efort, recovery, well-being around performances: we seek to offer everyone the chance to go further, faster, and for longer.

WHY USE THE COMPRESSPORT® TECHNOLOGY?

  1. Boost your performances (especially endurance)
  2. Recover faster and better
  3. Delay fatigue
  4. More comfort and support during the effort
  5. Avoid muscle tear and injury
  6. Travel in the best conditions

WHEN SHOULD I USE COMPRESSPORT® PRODUCTS?

COMPRESSPORT® products are born out of the collaboration of doctors, athletes and manufacturers specializing in medical and sports compression.

In order to allow sportsmen and women to optimise their performance on all occasions COMPRESSPORT® has developed a wide range of products responding to each specific need. Before, during or after the effort, your body reacts to different types of stimuli.

CS PERFORMANCE BARS

WHO ARE COMPRESSPORT® PRODUCTS AIMED AT?

Quality of fibre, a battery of laboratory tests, comfort, design: it is the quality of professional performance which we make accessible for everyone.

Amateur or professional, beginner or experienced athlete, all those who have chosen COMPRESSPORT® have that idea: maximise and optimise performance.

For amateurs:

    • For those who are full of good intentions about getting back into shape but lack strength and training.
    • For the experienced, eager to push their personal boundaries without injuring themselves but who don’t have the time to recover. COMPRESSPORT® is all the more efficient for all those who are not as fit as the runners of the FDJ team or who don’t have Javier Gomez Noya endurance!

For professionals:

    • Those doing long sessions of high impact muscle working every day.
    • Those who have to win, where there’s no room for injury, cramps or aches.
    • Those with back-to-back training sessions with short recovery periods and lots of travelling.

Amateur or professional, whether your sport is a hobby or you are looking to be seriously supported for your next Ultra-Trail race in the Himalayas… Whoever you are, wherever you are, COMPRESSPORT® supports you.

TOP 6 SPORTS WHERE COMPRESSION IN CUSTOM SPORTS APPAREL IS USEFUL

> You are reading : TOP 6 SPORTS WHERE COMPRESSION SLEEVES ARE WIDELY USED AND WHY <

1/ TRAIL RUNNING

The repetition of shocks in Trail Running causes a lot of stress for the muscles, joints and tendons and may impair the performance. Keeping your muscles compact and solid, the use of compression sleeves (for calves and thighs) absorbs these shocks (-33 % vibrations) leading to less muscle oscillations and therefore less traction on tendon and muscle itself. Consequently your performance will be enhanced and your recovery process improved.

Trail Running Compression Sleeves

 2/ TRIATHLON

In any triathlon, T1 is the stage between the swim and the cycling ones. During this stage, triathletes switch from their swim custom sports apparel into their cycling gear. Triathletes may think that wearing compression gear make them waste time (few seconds), but the benefits of compression are worth it. On the one hand, compression’s aerodynamic properties provide an economy of 5 watts in cycling, i.e. you are able to save 1 min 30 sec on triathlon Ironman. On the other hand, the reduction of shocks during the run will ensure less traction on tendon and muscle itself and will help you finish your challenge and improve your performance.

TRIATHLON Compression Sleeves

3/ CYCLING

Many pro tour cyclists like Alberto Contador, Peter Sagan or Thibaut Pinot use COMPRESSPORT compression sleeves to recover between stages during competitions as Le Tour de France. The Full Socks are mainly used during the travels to ensure a feeling of light legs before the race. The Full Leg appears to be the ultimate recovery weapon to recover after the race. It’ll prevent inflammations and also limit the delayed muscle onset soreness (DOMS) in cycling.

Cycling

4/ SWIMMING

One-day long competitions include multiple efforts – series and finals – often repeated in a short period of time (few hours). Swimming is largely concerned. You accumulate metabolic toxins (lactic acid) and your energy reserves decrease, causing the fatigue to appear earlier for subsequent performances. Improving the venous return, the compression triggers a series of actions: muscle blood flow and oxygenation (necessary to restore the energy reserves) are improved (+15%) and the metabolic waste removal is accelerated (-13 % of lactate). In summary, custom sports apparel that uses compression will help your body stay strong: pain will be reduced and subsequent performance will be improved.

Swimming Compression Sleeves

5/ RACKET SPORTS AND TRACK AND FIELD

Pressing on your skin and muscle, the compression activates some cutaneous and muscular receptors. The message goes up to your brain and you are able to feel better proprioceptive feedback, to feel better you body in the space. Consequently, your balance is improved which will help you for sprinting, jumping and changing directions as often requested in racket sports or track and field.

Track Compression Sleeves

6/ TEAM SPORTS SUCH AS RUGBY, HANDBALL, SOCCER AND VOLLEY

Proprioceptive feedback is also interesting for team sports that require sprint, jump and changes of direction. Moreover this kind of efforts induces many shocks and causes a lot of stress for the muscles, joints and tendons. In the worst case, these shocks can promote the emergence of tendonitis, shin splints or other injuries… Absorbing the vibrations the compression guarantees less muscle oscillations and therefore less traction on tendon and muscle itself. A study conducted on 1200 sportsmen shows a reduction of this kind of injuries by 29 %!

Rugby Compression Sleeves

Why should I wear COMPRESSPORT® R2 during my triathlon?

Wearing the COMPRESSPORT® R2 during the cycling part in IM triathlon – to improve aerodynamics and accelerate the recovery during the transition periods! Besides preventing injuries (see the JUNE COMPRESSPORT® Monthly News), wearing the COMPRESSPORT® R2 during the cycling part in IM triathlon is mainly based on aerodynamics and venous return improvement! Explanations…

COMPRESSPORT® R2 improves the venous return until ?160 W in cycling !

MN 08_Fig1

Figure 1. Tissue oxygen saturation (increased saturation corresponds to improved blood circulation) with and without COMPRESSPORT® R2.

The COMPRESSPORT® R2, pressing the veins, improves the venous blood return towards the heart and therefore the overall blood circulation – only when the calf muscles are relatively inactive (see Monthly News of April and May). That is the case completely at rest, trampling, walking but also until ?160 W in cycling (figure 1)! When the intensities progress, the calf muscles press sufficiently on the veins to optimize the venous return [1].

 

Practical applications: accelerated recovery during the transition periods!

Increasing the blood circulation until ?160 W: really during the transition periods (downhill for example), the COMPRESSPORT® R2 may be an effective strategy to alleviate symptoms associated with fatigue. Indeed, the R2 are useful to re-oxygenate fatigued muscles (+10 %) and eliminate more quickly the toxins (-10 %), therefore favoring the recovery and preventing the fatigue.

The R2 also improves aerodynamics!

The R2 is also designed (compression, fibre, seamless) to improve the aerodynamics. Wind tunnel tests (see picture: Aero Concept-Engineering) show a gain until 5 W at 4km/h.

This represents a substantial economy of 0.5 sec per km or 1 min 30 sec for the total distance of the IRONMAN cycling part!

Reference

1. Boucourt B, Bouhaddi M, Mourot L, Tordi N and Ménétrier A. Changes in tissue oxygen saturation with calf compression sleeves – before, during and after a cycling exercise. J Sports M Phys Fitness (in press).

 About the Author

dr-arnaud-1_new

Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International. You can contact him at  arnaud@compressport.com

PLEASE, ANTIOXIDANT EVERYDAY!!!

The term antioxidant refers to the “activity” that many vitamins, minerals and other phytochemicals have on substances considered harmful, called FREE RADICALS. The free radicals can react chemically with other components of the cells (by oxidizing) altering their stability and functionality.

When we are running, cycling, working or fighting…we are producing oxidation reactions and free radicals to all our body! We are “KILLING” some cells! Therefore, we need to include ANTIOXIDANT in our meals to neutralize the free radicals.

Yes, oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. Consequently, these radicals can start chain reactions. When the chain reaction occurs in a cell, it can cause damage or death to the cell. Antioxidants end these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions.

Then, be careful! Dark and intensely-colored plant foods usually contain MORE chemically active antioxidant pigments than pale ones. Some of the most healthy nutrients in fruits and vegetables are bright red, orange and green.

LET’S TRAIN AND EAT!

How to prepare one of the toughest Ultra Trail on Earth : Marathon des Sables®?

For once and since COMPRESSPORT® is an official partner, the scientific approach does not focus on the compression but on the Sultan Marathon des Sables®  which will run from the 4th till the 14th of April. On this occasion, we have requested the advices of Thibault Lussiana, a specialist in biomechanics of running.

The Sultan Marathon des Sables®, a mythic race that all ultra-distance runners must do at least once

The race takes place in the Moroccan desert and includes 6 stages with food self-sufficiency over a 240-km distance. Each participant must carry his own equipment, containing food, sleeping gear and other materials except water, which is provided by the organization. The equipment weight should be between 6.5 and 15 kg. In addition, the sand and the climatic conditions, with temperature reaching 50°C during the day and 5°C at night, make this multistage ultra-marathon one of the hardest! Therefore, it is necessary for the new participants to have an excellent knowledge of the race and its constraints, including physical preparation, equipment, recovery but also management of food and hydration (discussed in another part of this news).

The ‘shock weekends’ to prepare the race …

Of course, the maximal aerobic power development remains important as in all endurance events. However, the specific work at very low intensities is equally important in ultra-marathon. One of the key to success lies in performing the famous ‘shock weekends’ described by the Pr.Guillaume Millet and corresponding well to multistage events. Equipped with your running bag (by gradually increasing the weight): go for 2-3 days with 5 to 10 hours per day at really low speed (alternating periods of walking and running). Thus, you will train in almost real conditions and prepare your body, your muscles and your digestive system to the stress encounter on the event. Similarly, it will be necessary to run on soft surface (ideally on sand), to accustom your stride to a different biomechanics.

Injury prevention, recovery … Take care of your body!

Feet injuries such as burning and blisters are one of the major causes to stop the race. To prevent them, there are some tricks …

  • You can apply a cream to strengthen the feet and to avoid such inconveniences. More simply, the use of gaiter could impede sand seeping into the shoes and thus increase friction.
  • The choice of running shoes and socks is also important: they must be able to dry quickly and to allow your feet to breathe.
  • Speaking of equipment, compression sleeves will be effective before, during and after the race. By increasing the venous return (that is crucial in warm environment – since vasodilation phenomenon is increased), they may ensure a sensation of light legs before to start. During, they may prevent the muscle damage and postpone the fatigue. Finally, they will accelerate the recovery process after the stages – essential during multistage ultra-marathon! 
  •  Furthermore, the best way to recover will be to sleep properly.
  • Therefore, do not forget warm and isolating garments for the night …

About the Author

Thibault Lussiana comes from Besançon in France. He is a PhD student in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 4660, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Thibault is also member of the Volodalen Company. You can contact him at thibault@volodalen.com

 

3 SCIENTIFIC FACTS ABOUT COMPRESSPORT COMPRESSION

Compression Clothing Scientific Facts

1/ MULTIGRADUAL COMPRESSION: WE MAKE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EFFORT AND RECOVERY!

Fernanda maciel recovery

Recovery: COMPRESSPORT® for recovery is properly designed to improve the venous return and the muscle oxygenation. For that purpose the COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks apply a degressive gradient from bottom to top. Indeed pressing more at the ankle, the Full Socks force the blood toward the heart (like a pressure applied at the bottom of a tube of toothpaste causing the past to rise outside the tube)! In consequence the oxygenation is improved by 25%!

Compression effort

Effort: Contrary to the competitors COMPRESSPORT® for the effort is not engineered to improve the venous return… Indeed when the calf muscles are contracted they press sufficiently on the veins to optimize the venous return… The real objective for COMPRESSPORT® is to maximize the muscular vibrations reduction! Therefore the COMPRESSPORT®  R2 and Shorts focus on the active muscles mass and reduce the vibrations until 33 %!

2/ COMPRESSION, NOT CONTENTION! 

COMPRESSPORT® is working on compression products and not on medical support stockings (contention). The difference between both is based on the elasticity… This product development based on high elasticity provides an unequal freedom of movement and an excellent comfort! The COMPRESSPORT® R2 fit perfectly the muscle variations especially in up-hill or during efforts involving sprints, jumps or direction changes.

3/ SEAMLESS COMPRESSION: MAKE THE DIFFERENCE WITH THE SWISS QUALITY…

            Contrary to the competitors COMPRESSPORT®  is developed using unique Seamless Technology! The seamless is obtained with a specific machine working at 360° while seam is obtain with a 180° one. COMPRESSPORT® sincerely believes in the seamless and has decided to invest a lot for three main reasons :

  1. Firstly, the Seamless Technology is the only way to perfectly control the compression certifying the incomparable efficiency of the COMPRESSPORT® products (+25 % oxygenation, -33 % vibrations…)!
  2. Secondly, the seamless Technology ensures more comfort compared with the use of uncomfortable seams…
  3. Then, the Seamless Technology prevents fraying and provides durability, a perfect fit and improved performances!

 Compressport Machine

Compression clothing in sports

This new section is consistent with our determination to improve the visibility of the work done in the R & D department at COMPRESSPORT® International. We will also focus on the scientific literature about the elastic compression or on the work done by other researchers in the field of Sports Science. Each time, the scientific approach will be accompanied by anecdotal reports of amateur and professional athletes.

Mechanisms underlying the application of compression clothing

We start this section with the mechanisms underlying the application of compression clothing. We briefly introduce the effects identified by the recent literature review of Born et al. (2013) and we will come back specifically to that in the next issues.

image0011-618x328 2

Haemodynamic effects

The graduated compression stockings or socks have been firstly used in the treatment of venous diseases. The principle is simple: the application of a pressure around the lower limb is transmitted to the veins, thus decreasing their diameter. By this decrease (such as a tube of toothpaste), the venous return to the heart is improved and the venous stasis is decreased. The application of compression stockings displays other hemodynamics effects, such as increased arterial inflow, and as a consequence, improved muscular oxygenation. In the same way, the increased blood circulation can facilitate the toxins elimination. Finally, the compression stockings also permits to reduce the leg swelling and associated pain that characterize the ‘heavy legs’ syndrome. We will see that these haemodynamic effects play a significant role particularly before the effort in preparation for the competition or the training and after that, to accelerate the recovery.

Other effects – mechanical, neuronal, thermal, etc.

The haemodynamic effects were the first to suggest the use of compression clothing in sports. Since then, many studies have showed other effects which reinforce the use of compression clothing, and especially during the effort. For example, the improved proprioception (by stimulating different receptors) or warm-up (by increasing muscle temperature) with compression sleeves can decreased the risk of injuries. Another key point of the compression during the effort is the decrease of the muscular oscillation, reflecting the vibrations generated by the impact with the ground. By this decrease, the compression limits the muscle damage, thereby reducing fatigue and preventing the delayed onset muscle soreness.

Conclusion

There are many effects which encourage the use of compression clothing in sports to improve performance and recovery or to decrease the risk of injuries. Some of them have a key role before or after the effort, and other during. As already noted, we will come back specifically to each one in the next issues. We will also see the importance of applying adjusted compression clothing: to the limb circumference, to the time moment but also to the sports activities.

Thanks and see you soon in the next issue! 

References

1. Born DP, Sperlich B, and Holmberg HC. Bringing light into the dark: effects of compression clothing on performance and recovery. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 8: 4-18, 2013.

About the Author

dr-arnaud-1_new

Dr Arnaud M.  comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for COMPRESSPORT® International. You can contact him at arnaud@compressport.com

Testimonial of pro-athlete Frederik Van Lierde

Frederik Van Lierde is a Belgium professional triathlete and the current Ironman triathlon World Champion, in Hawaii – 2013. He finished the race with a 51:02 swim, a 4:25:37 bike and a 2:51:18 marathon to capture the win in total of 8:12:29.

1. Fred, how long have you been using compression clothing?

Since 2009, in fact after a stress fracture on my right calf.

2. How do you feel when you use the COMPRESSPORT® range before, during and after the effort and during your trips?

During trainings and competitions, I can feel for sure they help to absorb the shocks but also keeping the blood circulating. A very nice feeling, never cramping or sore, just perfect to me! And in hot conditions they can even keep my calf muscles cooler because of the protection (white) reflecting the sun. Some water on them, gives you a fresher feeling as well.

After races or on really hard training camps I use them a lot, especially the Full Legs. The best way to recover for me!

For trips, long rides or flights, it’s the best! Before I tend to have swollen legs a lot of times and since I use the COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks, my legs stay exactly the same after the trip compared to my legs before the trip.

3. Do you remember any race or training where the COMPRESSPORT® range has made a crucial difference (in terms of injuries, performance and or recovery)?

For sure in Hawaii Ironman, the hardest endurance race on this planet, in 2012 and 2013. Before 2012, I always wore the compression only on the marathon and the bike part without. Legs were a lot sorer then and muscles were warmer and suffered more because of the sun. In 2012 I decided, because of that, to put them on in T1 (transition swim to bike). So I rode the full 180km with + the marathon! What a difference: 3rd place at Hawaii in 2012 and now in 2013, Ironman World Champion!

Cheers,

Frederik

Fred

Scientific answers to the 10 most common questions related to sport compression

COMPRESSPORT COMPRESSION FAQ 2

1. Will compression garments reduce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)?

During the effort the compression sleeves keep your muscle compact and solid. This limits the vibration (-33 %) caused by the impact of the foot leading to less lateral or vertical movement of your muscle and therefore less traction on tendon and muscle itself. Less shock during the effort means less muscle damage and consequently less DOMS during the recovery (-50 %).

2. Is it true that compression garments can reduce the pain associated with intense exercise?

It is also recommended to wear your compression socks for a while longer after exercise, allowing your legs to benefit and recuperate optimally. Indeed muscles are considerably damaged from intense exercise and you continue to feel pain. Using the Compressport Full Socks or Full Legs you will save your legs from pain associated with intense exercise. They will provide you a great muscle support and you will feel lighter and mobile. Ready to play again.

3. Will compression garments enhance endurance performance?

The repetition of shocks during endurance exercise such as Trail Running or Marathon causes muscle damage and fatigue. Compression garments will help you by limiting vibration and absorbing the shocks (-33 %)! The fatigue will be delayed, the pain and micro-injuries will be reduced and you will be able to perform longer with a better global comfort.Thus you will be more resistant on the last kilometers of an endurance race when your competitors will slow down…

4. Can Compression Clothing Enhance Your Workout?

If you wear compression garments, you will feel the performance sensation at first glance. Compressport garments will help you during each training session to recover faster, to reduce pain (-50 %) and the risk of injuries (-29 %). Thus, day by day, your workouts will be improved as you will be ready perform again faster!

5. Can Compression Clothing Make Me a Better Athlete?

Using compression clothing can make the difference with your competitors. Increasing your proprioceptive feedback and facilitating muscle contraction you will be able to jump higher and sprint faster. Compression clothing will also delay the fatigue felt by absorbing shocks and reducing muscle damage (-33 %). Thus you will be more resistant on the last kilometers of an endurance race. Keeping your muscle compact and solid compression also ensures less traction on tendon and muscle itself. This preserves you from many injuries such as tendonitis, shin split or muscular injuries (-29 %). Finally, improving the muscle oxygenation (+15 to +25 %) and accelerating the elimination of blood lactate (elimination is faster from 13 % after only 10 min), your body will recover faster.

COMPRESSPORT COMPRESSION 1 FAQ

6. Can compression garments facilitate recovery in the hours following intense exercise and reduce blood lactate concentrations?

Muscle structures are considerably damaged from intense exercise. This affects blood circulation negatively: oxygen supply is hampered and drainage of lactic acid and other toxin stands still… Their concentration remains high in the muscle and may impair recovery and subsequent performances. That is why, you need to improve your blood flow circulation. Pressing on your veins compression socks activate your venous return (+20 % in few seconds) – like a pressure applied on the bottom of a tube of toothpaste causing the paste to rise outside the tube. This guarantees more oxygen for your muscle (+15 to +25 %), faster elimination of lactic acid and consequently better recovery (elimination of lactate is faster from 13 % after only 10 min). Ready to play again optimally!

7. Is wearing compression garments as effective as other recovery techniques?

As many other techniques using compression during recovery is based on blood circulation activation. This guarantees more oxygen for your muscles (+15 to +25 %), faster elimination of lactic acid (-13 %) and therefore better recovery. But for sure compression presents other advantages that other do not have… 1/ it is more practical to use: it does not require bath or physiotherapist! 2/ you can use for a long time after exercise allowing your legs to benefit and recuperate optimally. 3/ you can mix with other: after water immersion, massage or electro stimulation.

8. Compression garments enhance proprioception. What does it mean?

Compression improves your proprioceptive feedback! This provides a better balance which may help you in all sporting movements especially sprint and jump performances. Not convinced? Do your own experience. Close your eyes and extend one leg… Imagine your feet!? Visualized them!? Try to exactly situate them!? Difficult? Normal they are far from your brain. Now ask a friend to press on your feet. In one second it is easier to situate them… Right? Incredible! How does it work? Pressing on your feet, your friend activates some cutaneous and muscular receptors. The message goes up to the brain and you are able to feel better feedback! It is the same principle for Compressport garments designed to stimulate each proprioceptive receptors.

9.  Do compression garments enhance explosive power such as vertical jump?

Compression keeps your muscle compact and solid. This limits the vibration caused by the impact of the foot (-33 %) leading to less lateral or vertical movement of your muscle. Less muscle oscillation means better alignment of muscular fibre facilitating muscle contraction and consequently enhancement of explosive power such as vertical jump, sprint or direction changes.

10. Compression garments: Do they influence athletic performance and recovery?

Compression garments may positively influence any kind of athletic performance! Increasing your proprioceptive feedback and facilitating muscle contraction all disciplines involving jumps, sprints and direction changes will be improved. Absorbing shocks (-33 %) and reducing muscle damage fatigue during endurance effort will be delayed. Improving aerodynamics (economy of 5 Watts) cycling performance will be enhanced. Accelerating blood circulation muscle oxygenation will be improved (+15 to +25 %), blood lactate will be faster eliminated (-13 %) and therefore recovery will be improved. Finally you will also be less injured using compression (-29 %)!

Compression Compressport FAQ

How to recover faster and relieve pain after prolonged, unusual or exhausting efforts?

We all need to improve our recovery to relieve pain after a hard sporting weekend! Let’s explain now how COMPRESSPORT® can help you in this Monthly News – Scientific approach article focused on exercises inducing muscle damages.

Unusual hard or prolonged efforts cause muscle damages !

Unusual prolonged or exhausting efforts will often result in muscle damages usually followed by a slow and painful recovery. Why? Because eccentric muscle contractions and the important oxygen consumption will increase muscle damages. Furthermore, the full healing of muscle damages requires inflammatory processes and edema which will induce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) (with a peak after 48 hrs). The DOMS may be extremely uncomfortable and last up to 7 days : walking normally becomes difficult and go down the stairs is almost impossible! The fatigue is installed and you have to wait some days before to restart your sports activities.

mn-11

Help your body improve your recovery and comfort with COMPRESSPORT® Technology !

Pressing on the veins, the COMPRESSPORT® technology used during  your recovery activates the venous return (from +15 % to +25 %) and therefore prevents the inflammation and edema (until -100 %) [1, 2]. Consequently, the extent of muscle damage is reduced and the DOMS are limited (until -50 %) [2,3]. Moreover, the muscular performances which are reduced after prolonged, unusual or exhausting efforts are restored faster ! [2, 3].

MN 11-Graph

Figure 1 [2]. Perceived DOMS and squat jump height (index of muscular performances) relative to baseline (pre) following exercise-induced muscle damage.
: Values recorded when compression tights (ankle to hip) are worn during the recovery.
: Values recorded for passive recovery. Asterisks represent significant different between groups. 1, 24, 48, 72 and 96 indicates hours after the exercise.

Limit your DOMS with COMPRESSPORT® Compression Sleeves and Socks !

To prevent the inflammation, edema and limit the DOMS you have to compress your tired muscles. We suggest you to use the COMPRESSPORT® Full Legs or the combo R2 and ForQuad during the 1 or 2 h which follow a prolonged, unusual or exhausting effort. For longer periods or when you are strictly passive (travel in plane, bus, train or car for example), you may also use the COMPRESSPORT® Full Socks V2. Why do I need to use different products for active and passive recovery? Because you need to have a compression around the foot during your passive recovery to prevent the blood stagnation. Finally, the COMPRESSPORT® Armsleeves will help you for efforts involving the arms.

References

  1. Ménétrier A, Mourot L, Degano B et al. Effects of Three Post-exercise Recovery Treatments on Femoral Artery Blood Flow Kinetics. J Sports M Phys Fitness (in press)
  2. Jakeman J.R, Byrne C, Eston R.G. Lower limb compression garments improves recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in young active females. Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 109: 1137-1144.
  3. Ménétrier A, Terrillon A, Caverot M, et al. Effects of elastic compression during and after the Trail des Forts of Besançon. Kinesither Rev 2014; 14: 35-41.

About The Author

dr-arnaud-1_new

Dr. Arnaud M. comes from Besançon in France. He has a PhD in Life and Health Sciences and works at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (EA 3920, Exercise Performance Health Innovation Laboratory). Arnaud is also the Scientist Manager for Compressport International. You can contact him at arnaud@compressport.com