Category Archives: Cycling


The term antioxidant refers to the “activity” that many vitamins, minerals and other phytochemicals have on substances considered harmful, called FREE RADICALS. The free radicals can react chemically with other components of the cells (by oxidizing) altering their stability and functionality.

When we are running, cycling, working or fighting…we are producing oxidation reactions and free radicals to all our body! We are “KILLING” some cells! Therefore, we need to include ANTIOXIDANT in our meals to neutralize the free radicals.

Yes, oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. Consequently, these radicals can start chain reactions. When the chain reaction occurs in a cell, it can cause damage or death to the cell. Antioxidants end these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions.

Then, be careful! Dark and intensely-colored plant foods usually contain MORE chemically active antioxidant pigments than pale ones. Some of the most healthy nutrients in fruits and vegetables are bright red, orange and green.


HAUTE ROUTE … living a human story out of a sporting challenge

Team sports apparel worn by hundreds of passionate cyclists to take the challenge of pushing physical and mental limits every year, that`s what Haute Route sporting challenge stands for. Up the Pyrenees, the French Alps or the Italian Dolomites compression clothing leaves its mark. Whether they be rookies, professionals or just sport enthusiasts looking for the adrenaline rush, they come from over 50 countries around the world with one sole goal: beat the odds during the most exhilarating amateur cycling events and live the most unparalleled experience.

French Alps:                                     800Km, Altitude 21000M+

Italian Dolomites Swiss Alps:           900 km, Altitude 21000M+

Pyrenees:                                         800 km, Altitude 20000M+

Haute Route in High Security

The Haute Route events throughout the most mythical European cols and mountains combine jaw-dropping scenery and dramatic but breathtaking climbs. So much kilometers up so much meters in altitude require that the events be well secured: thousands of volunteer marshals, more than 30 safety and medical motorcycles on each event, ambulances and medical support teams are requisitioned.

blog-dans-articleTeam Sports Apparel up the mountains … the best ally ever !

Team Sports Apparel in Cycling –  Haute Route goes Compressive!

Since 2014, Compressport ® is partner of the Haute Route events and provides to the cyclists an innovative pair of compression socks, the Pro Racing Socks Ultralight Bike, tested by world champions and wholly adopted for their ability to improve performance, to accelerate recovery and to prevent overheating. 

Haute Route is a unique mix of challenge, overwhelming mountainous landscapes and human nature. In the sports world, Haute Route is proof that we have the power to change our lives… if we dare to.

Stay tuned to the latest details of what`s happening on the Haute Route events on

Tour de France Diet

What do riders eat during 21 days on LE TOUR?

When I started to study Sport Nutrition in Barcelona University that was my first motivation…study how these riders eat and drink. Now, I can tell you…

They spend around 7.000 to 8.000 kcal/day and need to recover it daily, and they need high level of energy before, during and after each stage. How to manage that? They eat natural food and energetic bars!!!!

They have breakfast around 3 hours and half before the start. Usually they have oatmeal with quinoa or white rice with quinoa. They also eat lots of white rice and quinoa during lunch and dinner. Why? White rice is 100% natural cereal, a fast source of carbohydrate and there is no gluten in the composition, which makes the organism absorption better. They also have quinoa, a vegetal protein and carbohydrate source that is also easy to digest and is full of vitamins and amino acids.

Two hours before the start of a stage they drink slow-release carbohydrates for energy. They will sip this half-liter concoction on the bus and in the morning’s start town to bring their day’s calorie count to around 1.000 before the gun even goes off. Most riders burn 600 to 900 calories an hour, but their bodies can process only 250 to 300 per hour.

During the stage they eat gels, chews, and energetic bars. Garmin, for example, cooks up batches of rice bars and starts to give riders homemade salty and sweet options. That’s great for them. In this way the riders go up to about 2,500 calories by the end of a stage.

After crossing the finish line, they start to re-hydrate, drink some water with soda and isotonic drink, to keep sugar and mineral salt back to the body.
Once back on the bus, they have their first recovery drink, a sweet and fruity carbohydrate mix, and containers of white rice and egg dishes. They have also an optional second recovery drink that is a chocolate-flavored and protein-packed to aide muscle repair on the drive to the next hotel.

Dinnertime is white rice again! A meal can be a light Thai curry over white rice, for example, as well as some vegetables for their antioxidants.

That final binge of the day adds about 2.500 calories and enables to replenish muscles energy stores, give muscles the necessary protein to rebuild, then start loading up for the next day’s effort.

The riders should eat a rich meal, but also a good test meal! The body and mind of these champions need to be happy to keep riding during the 21 days in maximum effort.

The 2014 Tour de France – Preparation, recovery, we tell you all!

COMPRESSPORT® is proud to be the compression partner of 3 cycling teams on the 2014 Tour de France : Tinkoff Saxo, Trek and IAM Cycling. That is why we asked experts to disclose the key to success: Preparation, recovery, we tell you all!

Presentation of the 2014 Tour de France… 

The Tour de France is the most prestigious cycling competition of the world and the 3rd sports event after the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup. The competition lasts 3 weeks and includes 21 stages with different profiles. In 2014, the Tour starts from Leeds (UK) on July 5 and includes many highlights: 8 mountain stages in the Vosges, Alps and Pyrenees, 1 stage on the cobbles of Paris – Roubaix and 1 time trial with 54 km the day prior the arrival on the Champs Elysees. 198 cyclists distributed into 22 teams take part in the race and the winner will be that who realized the 3664 km as quickly as possible.

A specific preparation for each profile of cyclist

The Tour de France allows each cyclist to successful, sprinter, puncher, rouleur or climber. Consequently, each team will choose 9 cyclists able to respond to the fixed objectives. The preparation will depend on these objectives and will be specific according to the selected riders’ profile. A team focusing of the overall ranking will concentrate her preparation on the aerobic power (VO2max and anaerobic threshold). Training session in altitude with volume and intensity and time trial work will be realized! The choice of teammates will be determinant because they must be able to escort the leader in mountain but also in many other situations: cobbles, wind, falls… Conversely, for the team focusing on the final sprints, the emphasis will be placed on the anaerobic work maximal strength and lactic anaerobic power) without neglecting the volume. The collective tactic to place the sprinter in the best conditions on the last 200 meters will be also worked.

The recovery, key-parameter of the performance!


The recovery is essential to successful on the Tour de France since the cyclists must be able to perform each day during 3 weeks. To optimize it, some routines are used by the teams. The active recovery (around 10 min on home-trainer) is used immediately after the stage to eliminate the toxins and help body to return to the normal state.

In terms of recovery methods, the compression Is widely wide spreading cycling: the Tinkoff-Saxo of Contador, IAM Cycling of Chavanel or Trek Factory Racing of Schleck brothers use COMPRESSPORT®. The Full Socks are mainly used during the travels and the Full Legs appear to be the indispensable tool to recover during the Tour de France. They will be used during all the duration between the end of a stage and the night!

Then, the cyclists have to favor the restoration of the energy reserves with a specific alimentation into the hour following the end of the effort. The re-hydration is also primordial especially the days of intense heat. Drink sufficiently and regularly to compensate the water losses!

Other methods as the massages for the well-being or the cryotherapy to reduce the inflammatory process will be applied by the team… Finally, the sleep being the best means to recover, the cyclists can use pillows and overlay mattress to improve it. 

About the Author


Julien Pinot comes from Besançon. He is the trainer – researcher for the professional cycling team. You can contact him at

Compressport official supplier of Tinkoff Saxo !

Tinkoff Saxo riders will also use COMPRESSPORT® ON/FF Shirt and Trail Running Shirt for their workout. The 1st Layer shirt is both breathable and compressive thanks to the ON/OFF Technology, while the Trail Running Short is comfortable, light and compressive on specific areas to improve blood oxygenation and delay muscle fatigue.

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Compression is key in the recovery process of pro riders, be it during travels, training periods, classics or Grand Tours. COMPRESSPORT® will work closely with the Teams and the riders to develop or improve existing products to better match to the specificities of the sport of cycling. 

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Tinkoff Saxo Pro Cycling Team


Compression Clothing befits Cycling: Science proves it!

“My Compressport garments are fundamental to optimize my recovery. I usually use the full socks during travels…. by car, bus or plane… during transfers from the  races to the hotels….”  Peter Sagan, Pro Team Tinkoff Saxo

It is no coincidence Compressport® partnered 9 Pro Tour Cycling Teams on various cycling circuits during 2016, and is developing and promoting products that better suit the sport of cycling.  And if need be, science has brought to light the benefits compression clothing can bring to cycling performances.

Muscle Oxygenation = Toxins Elimination

  • Compression activates venous return to the heart and in so doing, improves overall blood circulation and oxygenates muscles by 15-20%. When muscles oxygenate, toxins are not allowed to stagnate. The Full Socks help eliminate toxins and lactates by almost 13% more than any other recovery medium and enables faster recovery.

Less Toxins = Delayed Pain = Less Swollen Legs

  • Compression eliminates toxins in the muscles. Pain is lessened so you stay focus on your performance. Muscle soreness, reduced by 50%, performance is reiterated. Improved venous return in the Full Leg guarantees light and fresh legs as the latter do not get swollen because of blood stagnation, especially when travelling by plane or bus from one race to another.


Limited Muscle Vibrations = Limited Injury 

  • Compression strengthens muscles and does not allow that they oscillate and get damaged. The Cycling Bib compression short helps absorb shocks, prevent injury, lessens fatigue and enhances cycling performances. Moreover, compression garments helps posture and so protects tendons and muscles from strain and stress.  Tendonitis, shin splints and muscular injuries are decreased by 29%.

Saving Energy = Better Aerodynamics

  • Compressport`s compression clothing such as the R2V2 Calf sleeves sports apparel help save energy (up to 5 watts!).  Not focusing on saving energy while biking, cyclists move forward easier and achieve greater aerodynamic efficiency.

Some references: Ménétrier A, Pinot J, Mourot L, Grappe F, Bouhaddi M, Regnard J and Tordi N (2014). Effects of recovery using contrast water therapy or compression stockings on subsequent 5-min cycling performance. J Sci Cycling 2:49-56 , ; Lussiana T, Terrillon A, Raynaud JL, Tordi N, Mourot L, Ménétrier A (2014). Dose-effect response of elastic compression on muscular vibrations. Sci Sports 30:101-104